port [-vdqysbckpotf] [-D portdir] upgrade
     [--enforce-variants] [--force] [--no-replace] [--no-rev-upgrade]
     [[portname | pseudo-portname | port-expressions | port-url]]
     [+/-variant …]


port upgrade will upgrade the given installed ports to the latest available version. To upgrade a port, MacPorts needs an updated port definition, which can be obtained using the port-selfupdate(1) command. You should regularly run selfupdate followed by upgrade outdated to make sure your system has the latest versions and bug fixes.

When specifying variants during upgrade, the order of precedence is

  1. variants specified on the command line

  2. variants active in the latest installed version of the port

  3. variants specified in variants.conf(5)

In most cases, you should specify the outdated pseudo-port expression as argument to port upgrade to upgrade all ports where a newer version is available. This is the recommended upgrade method for end users. See port(1) for more information on pseudo-port expressions. Upgrading individual packages should only be performed by expert users who know what they are doing, since a mix of upgraded and non-upgraded packages can lead to various software errors.



Upgrade all given ports and their dependencies where the installed variants do not match those requested on the command line, even if those ports aren’t outdated.


Ignore circumstances that would normally cause ports to be skipped, such as not being outdated.


Do not automatically install ports that replace a now-obsolete port you have installed.


Do not run rev-upgrade after upgrading. See port-rev-upgrade(1) for more information.


Please see the section GLOBAL OPTIONS in the port(1) man page for a description of global port options.


Upgrade a port, even if it is not outdated.


Only upgrade the given ports and avoid upgrading their dependencies. This flag may be useful when combined with --enforce-variants.
WARNING: Ports expect their dependencies to always be at the latest version, which is why MacPorts upgrades dependencies first. Do not specify this flag if you don’t know what you are doing.


Keep going and attempt to upgrade the next port when a port fails to build.
WARNING: This option is harmful to upgrade and should be avoided at all cost. Often, MacPorts ports are only upgraded to rebuild them against updated dependencies. Specifying this flag will cause a spurious rebuild if a dependency of a port fails to build and leave your system in a broken state once the dependent port is fixed.



(C) 2015 The MacPorts Project
Clemens Lang <>